Brief Glossary of Terms on Communication Law and Information Technology
Keywords:Communication law and information technology; Word Wide Web (W.W.W.); URL; source code; phishing
Given that the predominant communication is on the Internet and the use of new technologies, the
knowledge of common terms in the field, as well as the actual use of these technologies can often become
overwhelming. What does Word Wide Web (WWW) mean, URL, source code, object code, software, portal,
search engine, peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, web-blog, online credibility, electronic harassment, phishing, cyber
violence, hacking, etc.? That is why we intend, in the current document, to clarify some questions regarding the
knowledge of the field and the terms used, in order to better understand the virtual phenomenon and its forms of
manifestation. We intend to present a short glossary of terms and expressions, with explanations and examples.
The documentary material will then be presented to the entire academic community and, in particular, to the
students, the priority recipients of the scientific activity.
Victor Rizescu. https://playtech.ro/2012/cum-arata-prima-pagina-web-din-lume/.
Bâzu, P. (2010). Internet Communication/Comunicarea pe Internet. Ed. Rovimed Publishers.
women is defined by the Council of Europe as “a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women
and shall mean all acts of gender-based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual, psychological or
economic harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether
occurring in public or in private life” (https://rm.coe.int/168046253e).
UN Human Rights Council (2016). Non-binding resolution. Article 32: Promotion, protection and exercise of human rights on
the Internet. Available at: https://www.article19.org/data/files/ Internet_Statement_Adopted.pdf.
UN Commission on Broadband Internet for Digital Development (2015). Cyber Violence Against Women and Girls: A
WorldWide Wake-Up Call. Available at: http://www.unwomen. org/-/media/headquarters/attachments/sections/library/
World Health Organization, Departament for Reproductive and Sexual Health Research of the London School of Hygiene and
Tropical Medicine, South African Medical Research Council (2013). Global and regional estimates of violence against women:
prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence, p. 2. Available at:
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2014). Violence against women: an EU-wide survey – Main results.
Luxembourg: Publications Office for the EU, p. 104. Available at: http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2014/violence-againstwomen-
Goal 9.C of the Sustainable Development Goals aims to provide universal and easy access to the internet, in recognition of
its development potential (see: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg9 and https://www.one.org/us/2015/09/26/theconnectivity-
UN Human Rights Council (2016). Non-binding resolution. Article 32: Promotion, protection and exercise of human rights
on the Internet. Available at: https://www.article19.org/data/files/ Internet_Statement_Adopted.pdf.
Daniel-C?t?lin VELICU, https://www.juridice.ro/239256/pirateria-digitala-in-mediul-on-line-1-4.html.
Copyright (c) 2021 Angelica Staicu, Georgian Dan
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