The Peace Courts in the Romanian Judicial System
Keywords:Reconciliation; peace courts; litigation
Reconciliation, as a way of solving disputes between the members of the Romanian communities,
has ancestral origins and obviously a long tradition. Firstly known in the old customary law (the Law of the
country or Jus Valahicum or Jus Valahorum) the peace was taken over by modern law, creating specialized
courts (peace courts, the district courts, the traveling judges), or the public entities (the peace commissions, the
judiciary commissions) that contributed to the simplification and speed of the act of justice, but also to educate
the population and to create a correct attitude towards the law and its compliance. Currently, although some
legal institutions and a legislative framework have been created as an alternative in the litigation confrontation
in court, the role of reconciliation is quite blurred. The present paper highlights the experience gained in the
field of reference and some ways of re-evaluating and reusing it.
Colective. (1980). Istoria dreptului românesc/History of Romanian Law, vol. I. Bucharest: Ed. Academiei.
Collective. (1984). Istoria dreptului românesc/History of the Romanian law, vol II. Bucharest: Ed. Academiei.
Fotino, G. (1972). Pagini din istoria dreptului românesc/Pages from the history of Romanian law. Bucharest: Ed. Academiei.
Decree no. 132/1957 for the amendment of the Code of Criminal Procedure and the establishment of reconciliation
Law no. 59/1968 regarding the court commissions.
Law no. 192 / 16.05.2006 regarding the mediation and organization of the mediator profession.
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