Keywords:crime-prevention; urban planning; Norwegian history
The article approaches the issue of crime-prevention through urban planning in Norway, discussing
the ideas and differences between physical(hard) and symbolic(soft) delineations of territory, questioning if
they might not be that different, since they share similar objectives: to protect against someone or to prevent
someone from accessing an area. In Norwegian history, the year 1970 marks, among many others, the
beginning of a new urban planning movement called Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
(CPTED). The basic idea behind the program – as well as the Scandinavian crime prevention system – is to
prevent crime. However, the main difference is that the new movement militated for the marking of territories
with symbolic, inclusive measures rather than fences and walls.
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Cozens, Paul Michael (2005). Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED): A Review and Modern
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