The Psychanalitical Approach of Personality
Keywords:personality; psychoanalytic; psychic processes; dynamics; development; stages; characteristic traits
Sigmund Freud considers that personality comprises three major subsystems that interact and
control human behavior: the self, the self, the superhuman. S. Freud detected a series of consistent themes
that were nothing but expressions of unconscious fears or desires, themes similar to those seen in the analysis
of dreams or childhood memories. Sigmund Freud, as he is well known, placed great importance on
becoming the personality of the first years of his life. Mostly, he spoke about the fact that the first five years
of life are those responsible for establishing the psycho-behavioral base and for constituting the individual
unconscious. Freud, at the time, did not enjoy a special collaboration with those in his professional guild. This
was also due to the fact that, due to its histrionic structure, it did not accept any opinions from colleagues or
disciples. On the other hand, it has restructured its conception of personality, but as some specialists show,
also within the same dogmatism.
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