Resilience and Energy Transition - Aspects of German Experience


  • Diana Joita School of Advanced Studies, Romanian Academy
  • Mirela Panait University of Petroleum - Gases from Plioesti
  • Carmen Elena Dobrota Faculty of Administration and Business
  • Razvan Ionescu


Resolutely assuming the role of leader in the process of transition to a zero-carbon economy, the European Union is, from 2020, facing major challenges brought by the Covid-19 crisis and then by the conflict in Ukraine. European countries' commitments to national decarbonisation and energy efficiency targets are being tested by a war whose duration has exceeded the initial estimates of world political factors. In this context, our paper aims to contribute to the analysis of the economic solutions adopted by Germany especially taking into account, on the one hand, the need to reduce the harmful effects produced by the polluting coal industry, and, on the other hand, the energy security requirements of the country in the midst of a period of resilience. The methods used are case study and comparative analysis. The obtained results reveal the adaptation of Germany's energy transition policies in the new context of resilience and the importance of analyzing this experience for Romania's future strategic directions.