Sustainable Urban Development Policies and Practices in Albanian. A Comparative Study with Developing Countries
Sustainable urban development is a critical aspect of ensuring long-term economic, social, and environmental well-being in cities around the world. Albania is a developing country that faces numerous challenges in achieving sustainable urban development due to rapid urbanization, inadequate infrastructure, and limited financial resources. This paper provides a comparative study of sustainable urban development policies and practices in Albania with other developing countries.
The study analyzes the existing policies and practices in Albania and identifies the strengths and weaknesses of these policies in achieving sustainable urban development. The paper also compares the policies and practices of Albania with other developing countries. The analysis highlights the similarities and differences in policy frameworks, implementation strategies, and outcomes. A great effort will be conducted to compare the urban development based on the indicators of the urban development
The findings of the study suggest that Albania has made some progress in implementing sustainable urban development policies and practices, such as promoting energy efficiency and green spaces. However, significant challenges remain in areas such as affordable housing, waste management, sustainable transportation and urban planning. The comparative analysis also indicates that Albania can learn from the experiences of other developing countries and adopt best practices that are tailored to its local context.
In conclusion, this paper emphasizes the importance of sustainable urban development in Albania and other developing countries. It highlights the need for policymakers to develop comprehensive and integrated policies that address the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainability. The study also provides recommendations for improving sustainable urban development policies and practices in Albania and other developing countries.
Keywords: Sustainable urban development, developing countries, policies and practices
1.Tanguay, Georges & Rajaonson, Juste & Lefebvre, Jean-François & Lanoie, Paul. (2009). Measuring the Sustainability of Cities: A Survey-Based Analysis of the Use of Local Indicators. SSRN Electronic Journal. 10.2139/ssrn.1336649.
Tang, J.; Zhu, H.L.; Liu, Z.; Jia, F.; Zheng, X.X. Urban Sustainability Evaluation under the Modified TOPSIS Based on Grey Relational Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public. Health 2019, 16, 256.
Huang, L., Wu, J. & Yan, L. Defining and measuring urban sustainability: a review of indicators. Landscape Ecol 30, 1175–1193 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-015-0208-2
Bibri, Simon & Krogstie, John. (2017). Bibri, Simon Elias; Krogstie, John. (2017) The Core Enabling Technologies of Big Data Analytics and Context-Aware Computing for Smart Sustainable Cities: A Review and Synthesis.. Big Data. 4. 10.1186/s40537-017-0091-6.
7.Purvis, B., Mao,Y. & Robinson, D.A multi-scale integrated assessment model to support urban sustainability. Sustain Sci 17, 151–169 (2022) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-021-01080-0
Helen Pineo. Towards healthy urbanism: inclusive, equitable and sustainable (THRIVES) – an urban design and planning framework from theory to praxis. https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1769527
Xiaoling Zhang, Huan Li,Urban resilience and urban sustainability: What we know and what do not know?,2018 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2017.08.009
Pira, M. A novel taxonomy of smart sustainable city indicators. Humanit Soc Sci Commun 8, 197 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-021-00879-7
Dewan, A.M.; Yamaguchi, Y. Land use and land cover change in Greater Dhaka, Bangladesh: Using remote sensing to promote sustainable urbanization. Appl. Geogr. 2009, 29, 390–401.
Schwarz, N. Urban form revisited—Selecting indicators for characterising European cities. Landsc. Urban Plan. 2010, 96, 29–47
Zhao, H.; Li, N. Performance Evaluation for Sustainability of Strong Smart Grid by Using Stochastic AHP and Fuzzy TOPSIS Methods. Sustainability 2016, 8, 129.
Chung, E.-S.; Won, K.; Kim, Y.; Lee, H. Water resource vulnerability characteristics by district’s population size in a changing climate using subjective and objective weights. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6141–6157.
Wang, S.; Fang, C.; Wang, Y.; Huang, Y.; Ma, H. Quantifying the relationship between urban development intensity and carbon dioxide emissions using a panel data analysis. Ecol. Indic. 2015, 49,
A. D. Gorgij, O. Kisi, A. A. Moghaddam, and A. Taghipour, “Groundwater quality ranking for drinking purposes, using the entropy method and the spatial autocorrelation index,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 76, p. 9, 2017.
G. H. Dong, J. Q. Shen, Y. Z. Jia, and F. H. Sun, “Comprehensive evaluation of water resource security: case study from Luoyang City, China,” Water, vol. 10, p. 19, 2018.
Copyright (c) 2023 EIRP Proceedings
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
You are free to:
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
- for any purpose, even commercially.
- The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
Under the following terms:
- No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.