Consolidation of Democracy in Post-Communist Europe and Political Transformation in Central East Europe


  • Blerina Muskaj “Aleksander Moisiu” University of Durres
  • Mirseda Shehdula Aleksander Moisiu” University of Durres


The consolidation of democracy in post-communist Europe and the political transformation of
Central and Eastern Europe, always focuses on the fall of the communist regime and the democracies in
transition. For the purposes of this paper it is worthwhile to turn our attention to the political developments
after 1989 to assess the factors that have contributed to the degree of consolidation of democracy in these
countries. Political transformations in CEE should be seen as part of changes where democracy is in social
harmony and has an impact on the forces of transition. Since the end of the Cold War, the EU has become
increasingly involved in operations to install democracy in post-communist countries. My focus is the CEE
countries. To implement the full range of its missions, the EU must be able to implement its plans that bring
democracy to post-communist states through aid programs. Thus, since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the EU’s
focus has been on regions where assistance and assistance programs are needed. Political processes in all CEE
countries show a strengthening of democracy with the best result achieved in Slovenia. Most democratic
institutions are unstable but positive trends are evident. These tendencies tend from the tendency towards
European values. Democratic consolidation in Central and Eastern Europe must be seen as an integral part of
the scale of far-reaching social transformations, which involve a fundamental change in these countries. Some
scholars of democracy have paid attention to social factors that influence political outcomes. For Central and
Eastern Europe, the ethnic composition of a society is considered important for democratic development.






International Relations in the Contemporary World. Geopolitics and Diplomacy