Safeguarding the Personal Freedom and Safety: the ECHR and Reasonable Suspicion
Keywords:convention, legislation, reasonable suspicion, suspect, liberty, security of the person
In the first half of the twentieth century, the European continent was devastated by two
wars and the human rights have been trampled to an unprecedented degree. The Convention for the
Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms is directly inspired by the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights (1948). It safeguards a list of rights and freedoms that the Western
European governments in the postwar period accepted without hesitation, being fundamental to such
an extent that it deserves international recognition. The Convention ensures, among other things, the
right to judicial protection, freedom of expression, assembly and association and freedom of thought,
conscience and religion. Additional protocols include property rights, the right to education, to free
elections and the abolition of the death penalty, and others.
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