Regulation of Labor in the European Union in the Context of Community Enlargement


  • Victoria Onofrei University of European Studies of Moldova


International Labor Organization; international treaties; labor exploitation


In general, in international and intergenerational treaties, over the millennia, work has been
tacitly a right. Of course, for some time we can exclude from this “right” those who were actually forced
to perform free physical labor, referring here to the period in which slavery flourished visibly and officially.
Of course it would be an aberration to completely rule out this form of exploitation today, it has been
cleverly camouflaged by those who still practice it to obtain as many benefits as possible in their own
interest, deftly bypassing not only the legislative rules but the moral order itself of the existence of peers.
From our point of view, this form of labor exploitation is attracted by the lower standards of living in
developing countries, thus providing extremely cheap or free labor, when the one in greatest need is induced
into error and subsequently exploited. Over the years, following the awareness and capitalization of the
human personality, there is a continuous struggle with this unfortunate phenomenon. It is constantly wanted
to annihilate the exploitation of the human being and improve its working conditions. The first steps in this
regard were taken by the International Labor Organization, the leading player in the labor market and social


Directive 91/383 / EEC supplementing measures to promote the improvement of safety and health at work for workers with a

fixed-term employment relationship or a temporary employment relationship.

Directive 91/533 / EEC on the obligation of the employer to inform workers of the conditions applicable to the contract or

employment relationship.

Directive 94/33 / EC on the protection of young people at work.

Directive 94/45 / EC on the establishment of a European Works Council Committee for the information and consultation of

employees in undertakings and groups of undertakings with a Community dimension.

Popescu, Andrei (2008). Legislative information bulletin no. 2. Bucharest.

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Social Fund plus (ESF +); Brussels,


Regulation (EU) no. 1296/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the European Union

Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI) Programme and repealing Decision no. 283/2010 / EU establishing a European

Progress Microfinance Facility for Employment and Social Inclusion.

Regulation 1304/2013 on the European Social Fund and repealing Regulation (EC) no. 1081/2006 of the Council.

Regulation no. 1309/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on the European Globalization

Adjustment Fund (2014-2020) and repealing Regulation (EC) no. 1927/2006.

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.